MySQL 

MySQL 


Output:

Click on RUN button to see the output

MySQL online editor

Write, Run & Share MySQL queries online using OneCompiler's MySQL online editor and compiler for free. It's one of the robust, feature-rich online editor and compiler for MySQL. Getting started with the OneCompiler's MySQL editor is really simple and pretty fast. The editor shows sample boilerplate code when you choose language as 'MySQL' and start writing queries to learn and test online without worrying about tedious process of installation.

About MySQL

MySQL is a open-source, free and very popular relational database management system which is developed, distributed and supported by Oracle corporation.

Key Features:

  • Open-source relational database management systems.
  • Reliable, very fast and easy to use database server.
  • Works on client-server model.
  • Highly Secure and Scalable
  • High Performance
  • High productivity as it uses stored procedures, triggers, views to write a highly productive code.
  • Supports large databases efficiently.
  • Supports many operating systems like Linux*,CentOS*, Solaris*,Ubuntu*,Windows*, MacOS*,FreeBSD* and others.

Syntax help

Commands

Creating a database

CREATE DATABASE [IF NOT EXISTS] db_name;

Use a database

USE db_name;

Drop a database

DROP DATABASE [IF EXISTS] db_name;

Show available databases in the working database server

SHOW DATABASE;

Display all the tables present in the database

SHOW TABLES;

DDL Commands

1. CREATE

CREATE TABLE table_name (
                column1 datatype,
                column2 datatype,
                ....);

2. ALTER

ALTER TABLE Table_name ADD column_name datatype;

3. TRUNCATE

TRUNCATE table table_name;

4. DROP

DROP TABLE table_name;

5. RENAME

RENAME TABLE table_name1 to new_table_name1; 

6. COMMENT

Single-Line Comments:

 --Line1;

Multi-Line comments:

   /* Line1,
   Line2 */

DML Commands

1. INSERT

INSERT INTO table_name (column1, column2, column3, ...) VALUES (value1, value2, value3, ...);

Note: Column names are optional.

2. SELECT

SELECT column1, column2, ...
FROM table_name
[where condition]; 

3. UPDATE

UPDATE table_name
SET column1 = value1, column2 = value2, ...
WHERE condition; 

4. DELETE

DELETE FROM table_name where condition;

DCL Commands

1. GRANT

GRANT privileges ON object TO user;

2. REVOKE

REVOKE privileges ON object FROM user;

TCL commands

1. COMMIT

COMMIT;

2. ROLLBACK

ROLLBACK;

3. SAVEPOINT

SAVEPOINT savepoint_name;
ROLLBACK TO savepoint_name; 

How to delete a savepoint:

RELEASE SAVEPOINT savepoint_name;

Indexes

1. CREATE INDEX

  CREATE INDEX index_name on table_name(column_name);
  • To Create Unique index:
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX index_name on table_name(column_name);

2. DROP INDEX

DROP INDEX index_name ON table_name;

Views

1. Create a View

Creating a View:
CREATE VIEW View_name AS 
Query;

2. How to call view

SELECT * FROM View_name;

3. Altering a View

ALTER View View_name AS 
Query;

4. Deleting a View

DROP VIEW View_name;

Triggers

1. Create a Trigger

CREATE TRIGGER trigger_name trigger_time trigger_event
    ON tbl_name FOR EACH ROW [trigger_order] trigger_body
/* where
trigger_time: { BEFORE | AFTER }
trigger_event: { INSERT | UPDATE | DELETE }
trigger_order: { FOLLOWS | PRECEDES } */

2. Drop a Trigger

DROP TRIGGER [IF EXISTS] trigger_name;

Stored Procedures

1. Create a Stored Procedure

CREATE PROCEDURE sp_name(p1 datatype)
BEGIN
/*Stored procedure code*/
END;

2. How to call Stored procedure

CALL sp_name;

3. How to delete stored procedure

DROP PROCEDURE sp_name;

Joins

1. INNER JOIN

SELECT * FROM TABLE1 INNER JOIN TABLE2 where condition;

2. LEFT JOIN

SELECT * FROM TABLE1 LEFT JOIN TABLE2 ON condition;

3. RIGHT JOIN

SELECT * FROM TABLE1 RIGHT JOIN TABLE2 ON condition;

4. CROSS JOIN

SELECT select_list from TABLE1 CROSS JOIN TABLE2;